Geothermal Energy and Reservoir Technology

Induced seismicity and geomechanics

Location of earthquakes in Los Humeros KIT
Lokalisierung der aufgetretenen Erdbeben wärhend des Monitorings im Rahmen des GeMEX EU-Projekts.

It has been known for over 30 years that seismicity can be generated during the development of a geothermal reservoir. This is especially true for Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS). Microseismic events provide a unique data basis for the characterization of basic properties of a geothermal reservoir. However, microseismicity can also become a serious risk in case of major earthquakes, which can prevent the further development of projects. For the sustainable development of this renewable energy it is therefore essential to better understand the relationships between the local stress field, the geomechanical properties of the fractures and fault zones and the induced seismicity.

Projects of our team focus on:

  • Static stress transfer due to seismic events
  • Time and depth-dependent change of the in-situ stress state derived from the seismicity during EGS stimulation
  • Sensitivity analysis of seismic monitoring networks with respect to P and S wave velocities
  • Slip and Dilation Tendency Analyses of geothermal areas in the Upper Rhine Graben and Molasse
  • Local stress deviations and variations in borehole rim eruptions due to active fault zones
  • The identification of tone leading areas in the crystalline by means of borehole logging
  • Correlation between seismic and aseismic behaviour of fractures and their clay content

A central research project is the EGS power plant in Soultz-sous-Forêts in Alsace, and our team is also involved in the seismic monitoring of the EGS project in Rittershofen (Alsace) and the hydrothermal power plant in Bruchsal (Baden-Württemberg). Waveform-based methods such as reverse imaging and migration are being further developed to evaluate induced seismicity and to estimate the seismic source properties.

Contact: Dr. Emmanuel Gaucher, Dr. Jerome Azzola